Blazing the Trail - The Early History of Spacecraft and Rocketry

Blazing the Trail - The Early History of Spacecraft and Rocketry


This book presents the fascinating story of the events that paved the way to space. It introduces the reader to the history of early rocketry and the subsequent developments that led into the space age. People of various nations and from various lands contributed to the break-through to space, and the book takes the reader to far-away places on five continents. It also includes many quotes to give readers a flavor of how the participants viewed the developments. Most publications on the topic either target narrow aspects of rocket history or are popular books that scratch the surface, with minimal and sometimes inaccurate technical details. This book bridges the gap. It contains numerous technical details usually unavailable in popular publications. The details are not overbearing and anyone interested in rocketry and space exploration will navigate through the book without difficulty. There are 340 figures and photographs, many appearing for the first time.


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Blazing the trail: the early history of spacecraft and rocketry
Od autorů: Mike Gruntman
Edition: illustrated
Vydavatel: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004
ISBN 156347705X, 9781563477058
Počet stran: 505


Obsah 9. kapitoly - 9.    Great Pioneers

9.    Great Pioneers

Practical work on rocketry and spaceflight begins. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Dreamer from Kaluga. Self-education. Research into Interplanetary Space by Means of Rocket Power, 1903. Hydrocarbon-oxygen rocket. The Rocket Equation – Tsiolkovsky formula. Advantages of liquid rocket propulsion. Rocket basics 3: rocket equation. Yakov Perelman. Tsiolkovsky writings become known. Liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. Tsiolkovsky's experiments. Father of cosmonautics. Success beyond his wildest dreams. Robert Esnault-Pelterie. Great aviation pioneer: aileron, joystick, and radial engine. Passive thermal control of spacecraft. Article in Journal de Physique. Interstellar flight. Andre Hirsch. REP-Hirsch Award. The word “Astronautics.” L’Astronautique by Esnault-Pelterie. Ary Sternfeld. Jean-Jacques Barre. French rocketry under Vichy Government and EA-41. Robert H. Goddard. First liquid-propellant rocket in 1926. Experimental solid-state physics. Solid-propellant rockets. Clarke University. Thrust in vacuum. Early bazooka on Mount Wilson in 1918. Rocket basics 4: rocket in vacuum. A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes, 1919.  Topic of the (New York) Times: Goddard does not know the relation of action and reaction. The Moon rocket. Daniel and Harry Guggenheim. Charles Lindbergh. To Roswell, New Mexico. Many firsts. Record altitudes. No direct line from Goddard. Late recognition. Hermann Oberth. First rocket proposal. PhD dissertation rejected. Die Rakete zu den Planetenraumen, 1923. Oberth’s Model B. Observation station in orbit. Giant space mirrors to melt ice. Work in isolation. Wege zur Raumschiffahrt, 1929. First REP-Hirsch Award. Kegelduse. Joining German war effort. To Huntsville, Alabama. Flying saucers. Back to Germany. Rocket and spaceflight societies. World War I and Le Prieur aerial missiles. Walter Hohmann. Hermann Potocnik-Noordung. Geostationary orbit. Orbital station. Space warfare and deterrence in 1920s. Arthur C. Clarke and geosynchronous satellites. Rocket and space enthusiasts: Karl debus, Willy Ley, H. Lorenz, Rudolf Nebel, Klaus Riedel, Alexander Scherschewsky, Max Valier, Johannes Winkler, Alexandre Ananoff, Jean-Jacques Barre, Louis Damblanc, Peiree Montagne, Henri F. Melot, Eigen Sanger, Friedrich Schmiedl, Franz von Hoefft, Guido von Pirquet, Franz Ulinski, David Lassner, Edward Pendray, Yurii Kodratyuk, Yakov, Perelman, Nikolai Rynin, Nikolai Tikhomirov, Fridrikh Tsander, Giulio Constanzi, Gaetano Arturo Grocco, Ludvik Ocenasek, Tsunendo Obara. Rocket societies. Verein fur Raumschiffahrt (VfR). Die Rakete. American Rocket Society (ARS), Institute of Aerospace Sciences (IAS), and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). First USSR space societies. British Interplanetary Society (BIS). World War II and astronautics. Alexandre Ananoff. First International Astronautical Congress